Just do it… But literally in the place of Nike
From stone to history… This comes into my mind when i talk about Ephesus.
Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometres southwest of present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province, Turkey. It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists. During the Classical Greek era it was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. The city flourished after it came under the control of the Roman Republic in 129 BC.
The city was famed for the nearby Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Among many other monumental buildings are the Library of Celsus, and a theatre capable of holding 25,000 spectators.
The ruins of Ephesus are a favourite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy access from Adnan Menderes Airport or from the cruise ship port of Kuşadası.
This enclosure for archaeological remains at Ephesus elegantly reconciles historic conservation with accessibility for visitors. The site of a succession of great ancient civilizations, in 356BC the Greeks built the Artemesium (a colossal Ionic temple dedicated to Artemis the fertility goddess) which was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. During the 2nd century BC, Ephesus was the fourth largest city in the eastern Roman Empire, famous for its Artemesium, the Library of Celsus and its medical school.
The temple of Artemis.
At Ephesus, where her great temple was one of the seven wonders of the world, Artemis was represented with a mural crown, with a disc behind the crown; on her breast, a garland of flowers, as a sign of her influence in spring time. Lions cling to her arms; as mother of wild beasts, she has many breasts; her legs are closely bandaged and ornamented with figures of bulls, stags, lions, and griffins; at the sides are flowers and bees. This figures may have resembled the original image Celcus. goddess which had fallen from heaven.
House of Virgin Mary
House of Virgin Mary is located on the top of the “Bulbul” mountain 9 km ahead of Ephesus, the shrine of Virgin Mary enjoys a marvelous atmosphere hidden in the green. It is the place where Mary may have spent her last days. Indeed, she may have come in the area together with Saint John, who spent several years in the area to spread Christianity. Mary preferred this remote place rather than living in crowded place.
Nike, the goddness of victory!
Our guide shows us a stone carving of Nice or Nike (pronounced Nee-key), the Winged Goddess of Victory in Greek Mythology. The Roman name is Victoria. She was the daughter of the Titan Pallas, the god of war, and of the goddess Styx, and the sister of Zelus (zeal), Cratos (strength), and Bia (force). She flew around battle fields or peaceful competitions awarding the victors with a wreath of laurel leaves, palm leaves, or sashes. She is often cited in the stories about Athena, the Goddess of War, Wisdom and Arts. Our guide tells us to pay attention to her dress. There is a fold in her dress looks like the logo of Nike.So, Nike, the sports company, has chosen a perfect brand name. Interestingly, the well-recognized “swoosh” logo of Nike looks exactly like the symbol embedded in the statue of Nike in Ephesus.
Ps: even the photographer wants to be photographed, but he is still not used to this hahaa: Oh the irony!
Located towards the end of the Curetes Street, it was called the Hercules gate because of the relief of Hercules on it. It was brought from another place in the fourth century AD to its current place, but the relief on it dates back to the second century AD.
This is the most magnificent structure in Ephesus ancient city.It is the largest in Anatolia and has the capacity of 25,000 seats. The cavea has sixty six rows of seats, divided by two diazoma (walkway between seats) into three horizontal sections. There are three sections of seats. In the lower section, Marble pieces, used for restoration, and the Emperor’s Box were found. The seats with backs ,made of marble, were reserved for important people.
The stage building is three-storied and 18 meters high. The facade facing the audience was ornamented with relieves, columns with niches, windows and statues. There are five doors opening to the orchestra area, the middle one of which is wider than the rest. This enhanced the appearance of the stage, giving it a bigger, monumental look.The theatre was used not only for concerts and plays, but also for religious, political and philosophical discussions and for gladiator and animal fights.
Library of Celcus.
It was built in honour of the Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus by Celsus’ son, Gaius Julius Aquila. The library was “one of the most impressive buildings in the Roman Empire” and built to store 12,000 scrolls and to serve as a mausoleum for Celsus, who is buried in a crypt beneath the library in a decorated marble sarcophagus.The Library of Celsus was the “third-largest library in the ancient world” behind both Alexandria and Pergamum.
This beautiful library had one dark secret…
It looks like in ancient time in front of the Celcus library was a brothel, or a public house as they say. Our guide told us that the library had a secret entrace under the ground that was conected to the public house so the politicans and diplomats could go without beeing noticed.
What cought our eye was that everytime that we turned around we could see cats, lots of them. These seemingly unowned cats do not appear wild and yet there is no obvious sign of any homes nearby where they may live. They appear well fed and lie around in the ruins like they own them. It appears to be a mystery about how they arrived and how they survive.
It is said that Cleopatra brought cats as a gift to Caesar Augustus in Rome. Perhaps in her visits to Ephesus she also introduced cats here? It is still a mystery that everyone wants to figure it out…
At the and of the day, after finishing the tour, we went at the most famous leather factory in tukey.
We had the opportunity to check it out and to see the beautiful designs of the leather jackets. The leather factory in turkey was the leather that was used by the most well known fashion designers, like Roberto Cavalli, Giorgio Armani…
When we arrived there, they offered us turkish tea with some beautiful little glasses. After that, our tour had a fashion show to begin our visit, which was a lot of fun, and then we visited the showroom.
We enjoyed it a lot!
Lots of love!
Rea & Matias